Germanium wafers for strained quantum wells with low disorder

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Abstract

We grow strained Ge/SiGe heterostructures by reduced-pressure chemical vapor deposition on 100 mm Ge wafers. The use of Ge wafers as substrates for epitaxy enables high-quality Ge-rich SiGe strain-relaxed buffers with a threading dislocation density of ( 6 ± 1 ) × 10 5 cm − 2 , nearly an order of magnitude improvement compared to control strain-relaxed buffers on Si wafers. The associated reduction in short-range scattering allows for a drastic improvement of the disorder properties of the two-dimensional hole gas, measured in several Ge/SiGe heterostructure field-effect transistors. We measure an average low percolation density of ( 1.22 ± 0.03 ) × 10 10 cm − 2 and an average maximum mobility of ( 3.4 ± 0.1 ) × 10 6 cm 2 / Vs and quantum mobility of ( 8.4 ± 0.5 ) × 10 4 cm 2 / Vs when the hole density in the quantum well is saturated to ( 1.65 ± 0.02 ) × 10 11 cm − 2 . We anticipate immediate application of these heterostructures for next-generation, higher-performance Ge spin-qubits, and their integration into larger quantum processors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number092101
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume123
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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