## Abstract

Quantum phase estimation is a cornerstone in quantum algorithm design, allowing for the inference of eigenvalues of exponentially-large sparse matrices. The maximum rate at which these eigenvalues may be learned, –known as the Heisenberg limit–, is constrained by bounds on the circuit complexity required to simulate an arbitrary Hamiltonian. Single-control qubit variants of quantum phase estimation that do not require coherence between experiments have garnered interest in recent years due to lower circuit depth and minimal qubit overhead. In this work we show that these methods can achieve the Heisenberg limit, also when one is unable to prepare eigenstates of the system. Given a quantum subroutine which provides samples of a ‘phase function’ g(k) = ^{P}_{j} A_{j}e^{iφjk} with unknown eigenphases φ_{j} and overlaps A_{j} at quantum cost O(k), we show how to estimate the phases {φ_{j}} with (root-mean-square) error δ for total quantum cost T = O(δ^{−}^{1}). Our scheme combines the idea of Heisenberg-limited multi-order quantum phase estimation for a single eigenvalue phase [1, 2] with subroutines with so-called dense quantum phase estimation which uses classical processing via time-series analysis for the QEEP problem [3] or the matrix pencil method. For our algorithm which adaptively fixes the choice for k in g(k) we prove Heisenberg-limited scaling when we use the time-series/QEEP subroutine. We present numerical evidence that using the matrix pencil technique the algorithm can achieve Heisenberg-limited scaling as well.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Article number | A11 |

Pages (from-to) | 830 |

Journal | QUANTUM |

Volume | 6 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2022 |