How Ready a Municipality is for Zero-Emission City Logistics? Development and Application of Maturity Model for Dutch Municipalities

N.R. Anand, T. Motloung, H.J. Quak, Ron van Duin

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

76 Downloads (Pure)


The number of activities in city logistics is growing rapidly causing an increase in emissions, and a decline in accessibility and safety in cities. Therefore, the Dutch government has introduced GreenDeal Zero-emission city logistics. The goal of this deal is to have 30-40 of the biggest municipalities in the Netherlands have zero-emission city logistics in 2025. The goal for 2025 is clear, but it lacks a way for municipalities to see their progress and a way to find improvements in their city logistics. This research is focused on developing a maturity model as a tool to assess the maturity level of a municipality for its performance-related city logistics process management to achieve its aim of reaching zero emissions. The
City Logistics Maturity Model for Municipality (CL3M) requires a domain-specific, multidimensional model to assess city logistics from a municipal point of view. The model includes six levels (0-5) and a PCDA cycle is embedded throughout the levels. The model is populated through three focus fields (Technical, Social and Corporate, and Policy), branching out into six areas of development: Information and communication technology, urban logistics planning, Stakeholder communication, Public-Private Partnerships, Subsidization and incentivization, and Regulations. The CL3M model was tested for three municipalities, namely, the municipality of Deventer, Zwolle, and Nijmegen. The assessment pointed out that CL3M is yet in its juvenile stage and with further development, the model can reach its full potential in usefulness, reliability, and adaptation
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 2024
EventTransportation Research Board 103rd Annual Meeting 2024 - Walter E. Washington Convention Center, Washington DC, United States
Duration: 7 Jan 202411 Jan 2024


ConferenceTransportation Research Board 103rd Annual Meeting 2024
Abbreviated titleTRB 2024
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityWashington DC
Internet address


  • City logistics
  • Maturity model
  • CO2 Emissions
  • zero emission
  • Climate Agreement


Dive into the research topics of 'How Ready a Municipality is for Zero-Emission City Logistics? Development and Application of Maturity Model for Dutch Municipalities'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this