Individual dispositions and the adoption of surface learning in design

Basyarah Hamat*, Petra Badke-Schaub, Jan Schoormans

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In this study, we investigated the inter-relationship between students' mind-sets, tolerance for ambiguity and self-efficacy to the learning approaches that design students adopt. Data was collected using a questionnaire and distributed to industrial design students from two universities in Malaysia. We find significant differences between high and low surface learners. In contrast to low surface learners, high surface learners were associated to a fixed mind-set and views their design capability as unchangable, are highly tolerant of ambiguity and rates themselves highly on self-efficacy.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the DESIGN 2016 14th International Design Conference
EditorsD. Marjanović, M. Štorga, N. Pavković, N Bojčetić, S. Škec
Place of PublicationZagreb
PublisherUniversity of Zagreb
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event14th International Design Conference - Dubrovnik, Croatia
Duration: 16 May 201619 May 2016

Publication series

PublisherThe Design Society
VolumeDS 84
ISSN (Electronic)1847-9073


Conference14th International Design Conference


  • Design education
  • Design learning
  • Mind-set


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