Influence of laser parameters and experimental conditions on nonphotochemical laser-induced nucleation of glycine polymorphs

Daniel Irimia, Jenkins Jose Shirley, Anshul S. Garg, Davey P.A. Nijland, Antoine E.D.M. van der Heijden, Herman J.M. Kramer, Huseyin Burak Eral*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)
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Nonphotochemical laser-induced nucleation (NPLIN) is a promising primary nucleation control method, yet its underlying mechanism remains elusive. To contribute to the discussion on whether the polarization of laser irradiation in NPLIN experiments influences the polymorphic outcome, we revisit NPLIN experiments with aqueous glycine solutions with supersaturations ranging between S = 1.5 and S = 1.7 irradiated by nanosecond pulses (∼7 ns) of near-infrared wavelength (1064 nm). Systematically altering laser light excitation properties, including the number of pulses and type of polarization, we quantified the nucleation kinetics and characterized the polymorphic form that crystallized upon laser irradiation. Due to the stochasticity of the nucleation process, a large number of samples (>100 per each experimental point) were studied under carefully controlled experimental conditions such as the ambient temperature, cooling rate, and aging period. We observed significant differences among laser-irradiated, spontaneously nucleated, and crash-cooled samples in terms of nucleation kinetics and polymorphic form. This result indicates that laser irradiation provides a different polymorph-forming pathway in comparison to crash-cooling and spontaneous nucleation. However, no clear dependence between the polymorphic form and the polarization of laser irradiation is observed. We discuss our results in the context of previous reports supported thorough quantification of sample heating in NPLIN experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)631−641
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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