Influences of Nanostructures of Sn and Ir for the Oxygen Evolution Reaction in Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Water Electrolysis

Sorin Bunea, Min Li, Ezgi Demiröz, Peng Zeng, Marc Georg Willinger, Atsushi Urakawa*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

The influence of nanostructures and interaction of Sn and Ir in oxygen evolution catalysts in a polymer electrolyte membrane electrolyzer were investigated. For this aim, two synthesis methods, namely, the one-step solution combustion method and the precipitation-deposition method with sodium borohydride reduction, were evaluated to prepare distinct nanostructures. Sn addition to Ir-based oxygen evolution reaction catalysts has been reported to yield materials with higher activity; however, in our case, this was observed only for Sn/Ir catalysts prepared by the precipitation-deposition method. The nanolayer of Sn/SnO2 deposited over metallic Ir particles was identified to enhance the interfacial contacts, resulting in synergistic interactions. By deconvolution of the polarization curves into constituting contributions, the performance improvement was attributed to the higher exchange current density of the Sn/Ir powder as a consequence of a higher number of surface reaction sites created by the Sn-Ir interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)637-646
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

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