The present study was aimed at determining the extrudability of a newly developed Mg-Al-Zn-RE magnesium alloy with large amounts of alloying elements. The experimental and numerical investigation clearly showed that the extrudate temperature was a crucial factor in deciding if a critical temperature between 754 K and 768 K (481 °C and 495 °C) was reached during extrusion, above which hot shortness occurred. Under the extrusion conditions applied, dynamic recrystallization (DRX) occurred, leading to grain refinement from a mean grain size of 165 μm in the as-solid-solution-treated billet to 8.0 to 10.9 μm in the extruded rods. Second-phase particles, such as Mg17Al12 and Al11La3, were found to distribute on grain boundaries and aid in grain refinement. The mechanical properties of the extrudate were greatly influenced by the as-extruded microstructure and extrusion condition. As the initial billet temperature decreased, the ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and elongation of the alloy increased, while yield strength (YS) remained almost unchanged. At an initial billet temperature of 523 K (250 °C), a stem speed of 3.93 mm/s, and a reduction ratio of 29.8, the extruded magnesium alloy had a mean grain size of 8 μm. Its YS, UTS, and elongation reached 217 ± 3 MPa, 397 ± 7 MPa, and 20 ± 1.3 pct, respectively.
|Journal||Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|