By analyzing the failure mechanisms, crashworthiness characteristics of FW composite tubes subjected to two modes of progressive damage and catastrophic failure are investigated using acoustic emission technique and numerical method. The AE signals of ±45° composite tubes were classified using hierarchical and wavelet transform methods, and based on the realistic and three-dimensional geometrical architecture of tubular structures, the microstructural finite element model was developed using Catia and ABAQUS software. Then deformation patterns and the impression of each mechanism on the crashworthiness characteristics were assessed. Results indicated that fiber breakage and fiber/matrix debonding could likely control the higher percentage of damage. By changing the type of modes from progressive damage to catastrophic failure, the percentage of matrix cracking increases, the fiber/matrix separation decreases, and the failure behavior become dominated by local buckling. Comparing the FE simulation with experimental results, we found the proposed 3D model can reasonably predict the pre-crushing, post-crushing, and material densification.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Mechanics of Advanced Materials and Structures|
|Publication status||Published - 2023|
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- Acoustic emission
- clustering method
- failure modes
- filament wound composite tubes
- finite element simulation