The field exponent for the magnetic entropy change n=dlnΔS/dlnH in a magnetic field was evaluated using the Landau model to provide a classification for the nature of the ferromagnetic-to-paramagnetic transitions at the Curie temperature TC in magnetocaloric materials. The magnetic phase transition can be classified as a first-order magnetic transition (FOMT), a second-order magnetic transition (SOMT) or a critical point (CP) at the border between the first and second order transitions. The value of n is mapped as a function of the reduced temperature and the reduced magnetic field for the FOMT, SOMT and CP. The influence of the magnetic field on the transition temperature was found to be relatively weak for the SOMT and corresponds to a power law for the CP and FOMT.
- First-order magnetic transition
- Landau model
- Magnetocaloric materials
- Second-order magnetic transition