Lateral response of rigid monopiles subjected to cyclic loading: Centrifuge modelling

Qiang Li, Amin Askarinejad*, Keneth Gavin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
24 Downloads (Pure)


In this study, a total number of 20 centrifuge tests were carried out to investigate monopile behaviour under lateral cyclic loading. The instrumented model pile simulates an offshore wind turbine foundation with an embedment ratio of 5 installed in sand layers with two relative densities of 80% and 50%. The influence of the directional characteristic and amplitude of cyclic load on pile lateral behaviour was studied. The data analysis focused on the influence of cyclic load on the accumulation of lateral displacement and evolution of secant stiffness of the foundation system. The most damaging cyclic load type (which can cause the most accumulated pile displacement) is identified as two-way loading, and it was observed that cyclic load always increases the pile secant stiffness. A new model for the prediction of evolution of accumulated displacement and change in secant stiffness has been formulated. An example of the procedure developed is presented for a typical field monopile subjected to cyclic loading. Lastly, the performance of the new model is demonstrated and predicted results are compared with field test data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)426-438
Number of pages13
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Geotechnical Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • dynamics
  • offshore engineering
  • piles & piling


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