Localized linear regression methods for estimating monthly precipitation grids using elevation, rain gauge, and TRMM data

Mercedeh Taheri, Neda Dolatabadi, Mohsen Nasseri, Banafshe Zahraie, Yasaman Amini, Gerrit Schoups

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Accurate estimation of the spatial distribution of precipitation is crucial for hydrologic modeling. To achieve the realistic estimation of precipitation, developing a ground-based observatory system is a costly and time-consuming strategy compared with other solutions such as using a combination of satellite- and ground-based observations. In this paper, to improve the estimation accuracy of spatial precipitation variation, various linear regression methods were used that combine digital elevation model (DEM) data, rain gauge observations, and Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) products. Specifically, fuzzy cluster-based linear regression (FCLR), local multiple linear regression using historical similarity (LMLR-HS), model tree (MT), and moving least squares (MLS) were used in the proposed methodology based on local data behavior. The results were compared with those obtained from multiple linear regression (MLR) methods including simple multiple linear regression (SMLR), robust multiple linear regression (RMLR), and generalized linear model (GLM) for monthly precipitation estimation. The study area was Namak Lake watershed, one of the largest watersheds in Iran. The results, estimated for wet and dry years (years 1999 and 2003, respectively), show superiority of local linear regression methods over the other linear methods. Based on the statistical metrics used for assessing the quality the results, FCLR and MLS outperformed other tested methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)623-641
Number of pages19
JournalTheoretical and Applied Climatology
Volume142
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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