Low-fidelity crashworthiness assessment of unconventional aircraft: Modelling of plastic bending

S. Anand*, R.C. Alderliesten, Saullo G.P. Castro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Carbon emissions from commercial aircraft are expected to reach more than twice as much as the current levels by 2050. Unconventional aircraft, such as the Flying-V, are projected to achieve more than 20% fuel savings when compared to conventional configurations. However, these unconventional aircraft configurations pose a unique set of design challenges, being one of them the crashworthiness of wing-fuselage structures, which have an oval-shaped cross section that leads to a significant reduction in space underneath the cabin floor. Evaluating the feasibility of a design early in the design phase is vital to avoid cost overruns and minimize the need for drastic design changes. For assessing crashworthiness early in the design phase, the development of low-fidelity models is an attractive as well as a viable option because these models offer both low computational cost and the capability to conduct parametric studies on the crash structure. To develop and implement such low-fidelity models, we propose to explore the analytical modeling of various energy-absorbing mechanisms, namely axial crushing, plastic bending, and joint failure. In the present study, we present the modelling of plastic bending for beam-like structural members. We also present an envisaged method applying user-defined elements to simulate plastic bending in structural members for cases where the location of plastic hinges cannot be predetermined.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the AIAA SCITECH 2024 Forum
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc. (AIAA)
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-62410-711-5
Publication statusPublished - 2024
EventAIAA SCITECH 2024 Forum - Orlando, United States
Duration: 8 Jan 202412 Jan 2024


ConferenceAIAA SCITECH 2024 Forum
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


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