Machine-learned security assessment for changing system topologies

Federica Bellizio, Jochen Cremer, Goran Strbac

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Machine learning has been used in the past to construct predictors, also known as classifiers, for dynamic security assessment. Although accurate classifiers can be trained for a single topology, often they do not work for another. However, the power system topology can change frequently during operation due to maintenance and control actions. At one topological configuration, the system may have a different response to a fault than at another as the underlying distribution of power flows can be completely different. Quantifying the impact of changes in the topology on the predictive models’ performance is an important step forward to minimize inaccurate predictions and improve their reliability. In this paper, for the first time, a metric for quantifying the impact of a topology change on the accuracy of the classification model is proposed. The key novelty is to first select a subset of power flow features with a physically informed feature selection technique and subsequently compute the metric with a novel convex hull-based analysis. In addition, the approach can advise to effectively constructing new training databases that improve the accuracy of new machines trained after high-impact topology changes. Through a case study using transient stability on the IEEE 68-bus system, the use of the proposed metric in real-time operation was demonstrated. 17 high-impact topology changes were successfully detected among 42 studied topological changes. The subsequent effective construction of the training database improved the predictive accuracy by around 10%. An interesting finding is the amount of newly generated data can be reduced by up to 85% as often the generated data is the barrier for data-driven DSA. The proposed workflow significantly reduces data and trains robust classifiers against topological changes marking a fundamental step forward.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107380
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Decision Trees
  • Dynamic Security Assessment
  • Markov Blanket
  • Power Systems Operation
  • Topology Changes


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