Magnetic phase diagram of the mnx fe2−x p1−y siy system

Xinmin You, Michael Maschek, Niels Harmen H. van Dijk, Ekkes Brück*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
52 Downloads (Pure)


The phase diagram of the magnetocaloric Mnx Fe2−x P1−y Siy quaternary compounds was established by characterising the structure, thermal and magnetic properties in a wide range of compositions (for a Mn fraction of 0.3 ≤ x < 2.0 and a Si fraction of 0.33 ≤ y ≤ 0.60). The highest ferromagnetic transition temperature (Mn0.3 Fe1.7 P0.6 Si0.4, TC = 470 K) is found for low Mn and high Si contents, while the lowest is found for low Fe and Si contents (Mn1.7 Fe0.3 P0.6 Si0.4, TC = 65 K) in the Mnx Fe2−x P1−y Siy phase diagram. The largest hysteresis (91 K) was observed for a metal ratio close to Fe:Mn = 1:1 (corresponding to x = 0.9, y = 0.33). Both Mn-rich with high Si and Fe-rich samples with low Si concentration were found to show low hysteresis (≤2 K). These compositions with a low hysteresis form promising candidate materials for thermomagnetic applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2
Number of pages12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Magnetic entropy
  • Magnetocaloric materials
  • Mn-Fe-P-Si
  • Phase diagram
  • Thermal hysteresis
  • Transition temperature


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