Measuring and improving community resilience: A fuzzy logic approach

Melissa De Iuliis, Omar Kammouh*, Gian Paolo Cimellaro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
34 Downloads (Pure)


Due to the increasing frequency of natural and man-made disasters, the scientific community has paid considerable attention to the concept of resilience engineering. On the other hand, authorities and decision-makers have been focusing their efforts on developing strategies that can help increase community resilience to different types of extreme events. Since it is often impossible to prevent every risk, the focus is on adapting and managing risks in ways that minimize impacts to communities (e.g., humans and other systems). Several resilience strategies have been proposed in the literature to reduce disaster risk and improve community resilience. Generally, resilience assessment is challenging due to uncertainty and the unavailability of data necessary for the estimation process. This paper proposes a Fuzzy Logic method for quantifying community resilience. The methodology is based on the PEOPLES framework, an indicator-based hierarchical framework that defines all aspects of a community. A fuzzy-based approach is implemented to quantify the PEOPLES indicators using descriptive knowledge instead of complex data, accounting for the uncertainties involved in the analysis. To demonstrate the applicability of the methodology, three cases with different levels of data availability are performed to obtain a resilience curve and resilience index of two out of seven dimensions of the PEOPLES framework. When numerical data does not exist, descriptive data based on expert knowledge is used as input. Results show that the proposed methodology can cope with both numerical and descriptive input data with different uncertainty levels providing good estimates of resilience. The methodology can be used as a decision-support tool to assist decision-makers and stakeholders in assessing and improving their communities' resilience for future events, focusing on specific indicators that suffer from resilience deficiencies and need improvements.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103118
Number of pages27
JournalInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Community resilience
  • Earthquake resilience
  • Fuzzy logic
  • Infrastructure
  • PEOPLES framework
  • Social wellbeing

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