Mechanics Informed Approach to Online Prognosis of Composite Airframe Element: Stiffness Monitoring with SHM Data and Data-Driven RUL Prediction

Nan Yue*, Georgios Galanopoulos, Theodoros Loutas, Dimitrios Zarouchas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Abstract

During the service of composite airframes, damage initiates and accumulates due to the manufacturing imperfections, impact damage and cyclic loadings, leading to the degradation in its load-bearing capacity. The nature of the degradation process is complicated due to the multi-mode damage propagation and complexity in the structural details of airframes. In the condition-based health management of airframe structures, the degradation is expressed in the concept of remaining useful life (RUL). Online prognostic health management is an emerging field dedicated to the timely prediction of RUL using onboard sensors. This work presents a mechanics-informed approach to the prognosis of a typical airframe element, stiffened CFRP composite panel, under compression-compression fatigue. The fatigue degradation of axial stiffness is monitored by Lamb wave velocity and utilised for online RUL prediction via particle filter.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEuropean Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, EWSHM 2022, Volume 1
EditorsPiervincenzo Rizzo, Alberto Milazzo
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Pages474-484
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)978-3-031-07253-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event10th European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, EWSHM 2022 - Palermo, Italy
Duration: 4 Jul 20227 Jul 2022

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Civil Engineering
Volume253 LNCE
ISSN (Print)2366-2557
ISSN (Electronic)2366-2565

Conference

Conference10th European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, EWSHM 2022
Country/TerritoryItaly
CityPalermo
Period4/07/227/07/22

Keywords

  • Airframe
  • Composite
  • Lamb wave
  • Particle filter
  • PHM
  • RUL
  • SHM
  • Stiffness degradation

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