Mechanochemical Synthesis of Sn(II) and Sn(IV) Iodide Perovskites and Study of Their Structural, Chemical, Thermal, Optical, and Electrical Properties

Yousra El Ajjouri, Federico Locardi, María C. Gélvez-Rueda, Mirko Prato, Michele Sessolo, Maurizio Ferretti, Ferdinand C. Grozema, Francisco Palazon, Henk J. Bolink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phase-pure CsSnI3, FASnI3, Cs(PbSn)I3, FA(PbSn)I3 perovskites (FA = formamidinium = HC(NH2)2 +) as well as the analogous so-called vacancy-ordered double perovskites Cs2SnI6 and FA2SnI6 are mechanochemically synthesized. The addition of SnF2 is found to be crucial for the synthesis of Cs-containing perovskites but unnecessary for hybrid ones. All compounds show an absorption onset in the near-infrared (NIR) region, which makes them especially relevant for photovoltaic applications. The addition of Pb(II) and SnF2 is crucial to improve the electronic properties in 3D Sn(II)-based perovskites, in particular their charge carriers mobility (≈0.2 cm2 Vs−1) which is enhanced upon reduction of the dark carrier conductivity. Stokes-shifted photoluminescence is observed on dry powders of Sn(II)-based perovskites, which makes these materials promising for light-emitting and sensing applications. Thermal stability of all compounds is examined, revealing no significant degradation up to at least 200 °C. This meets the requirements for standard operation conditions of most optoelectronic devices and is potentially compatible with thermal vacuum deposition of polycrystalline thin films.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1900788
Number of pages9
JournalEnergy Technology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • low-bandgap
  • mechanochemistry
  • perovskites
  • solid-state
  • tin

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