MOSAIK and FMI-based co-simulation applied to transient stability analysis of grid-forming converter modulated wind power plants

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Abstract

The grid integration of renewable energy sources interfaced through power electronic converters is undergoing a significant acceleration to meet environmental and political targets. The rapid deployment of converters brings new challenges in ensuring robustness, transient stability, among others. In order to enhance transient stability, transmission system operators established network grid code requirements for converter-based generators to support the primary control task during faults. A critical factor in terms of implementing grid codes is the control strategy of the grid-side converters. Grid-forming converters are a promising solution which could perform properly in a weak-grid condition as well as in an islanded operation. In order to ensure grid code compliance, a wide range of transient stability studies is required. Time-domain simulations are common practice for that purpose. However, performing traditional monolithic time domain simulations (single solver, single domain) on a converter-dominated power system is a very complex and computationally intensive task. In this paper, a co-simulation approach using the MOSAIK framework is applied on a power system with grid-forming converters. A validation workflow is proposed to verify the co-simulation framework. The results of comprehensive simulation studies show a proof of concept for the applicability of this co-simulation approach to evaluate the transient stability of a dominant grid-forming converter-based power system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2410
Pages (from-to)1-27
Number of pages27
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Co-simulation
  • Grid forming control
  • Power electronic converter
  • Transient stability
  • Wind power integration

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