Multi-axial electro-mechanical testing methodology for highly stretchable freestanding micron-sized structures

S. Shafqat*, A.M. Savov, S. Joshi, R. Dekker, M.G.D. Geers, J.P.M. Hoefnagels

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Recent advances in MEMS technology have brought forward a new class of high-density stretchable/flexible electronics as well as large displacement MEMS devices. The in-situ electro-mechanical characterization of such devices is challenging since it requires: (i) highly delicate sample handling, (ii) controlled application of large (hundreds of µm) multi-axial displacements to mimic service conditions, (iii) integrated electrical testing and (iv) fast actuation for cyclic testing. Techniques already developed for small-scale testing in literature fall short to meet the combined set of requirements. To this end, a characterization methodology that fulfills all these requirements is developed and presented here. The technique is based on a piezo-driven micro-tensile stage, which provides large multi-axial displacements with high resolution and fast actuation (4000 µm/s). This is combined with a method for sample microfabrication on a test-chip to warrant delicate sample handling. Proof-of-principle experiments are shown for multi-axial mechanical characterization, electrical characterization and high cycle fatigue testing of micron-sized highly stretchable interconnects. Experiments are conducted under in-situ microscopic observation using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and high-resolution profilometry. The generic platform proposed here can be used for other problems where similar requirements are faced, e.g. other miniaturized, large displacement electro-mechanical applications that are currently being developed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number055002
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • micromechanical testing
  • in-situ microscopy
  • multi-axial loading
  • stretchable electronics
  • MEMS


Dive into the research topics of 'Multi-axial electro-mechanical testing methodology for highly stretchable freestanding micron-sized structures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this