## Abstract

Two mismatch functions (power or current) and three coordinates (polar, Cartesian and complex form) result in six versions of the Newton–Raphson method for the solution of power flow problems. In this paper, five new versions of the Newton power flow method developed for single-phase problems in our previous paper are extended to three-phase power flow problems. Mathematical models of the load, load connection, transformer, and dis-

tributed generation (DG) are presented. A three-phase power flow formulation is described for both power and current mismatch functions. Extended versions of the Newton power flow method are compared with the backward-forward sweep-based algorithm. Furthermore, the convergence behavior for different loading conditions, R/X ratios, and load models, is investigated by numerical experiments on balanced and unbalanced distribution networks. On the basis of these experiments, we conclude that two versions using the current mis

match function in polar and Cartesian coordinates perform the best for both balanced and unbalanced distribution networks.

tributed generation (DG) are presented. A three-phase power flow formulation is described for both power and current mismatch functions. Extended versions of the Newton power flow method are compared with the backward-forward sweep-based algorithm. Furthermore, the convergence behavior for different loading conditions, R/X ratios, and load models, is investigated by numerical experiments on balanced and unbalanced distribution networks. On the basis of these experiments, we conclude that two versions using the current mis

match function in polar and Cartesian coordinates perform the best for both balanced and unbalanced distribution networks.

Original language | English |
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Place of Publication | Delft |

Publisher | Delft University of Technology |

Number of pages | 25 |

Publication status | Published - 2017 |

### Publication series

Name | Reports of the Delft Institute of Applied Mathematics |
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Volume | 17-09 |

ISSN (Print) | 1389-6520 |