Non-destructive testing investigation of gaps in thin Glare laminates

Patryk Jakubczak, Davide Nardi, Jaroslaw Bienas, Jos Sinke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)


The manufacturing of Fibre Metal Laminates, consisting of alternating layers of pre-preg fibre and metal is complex, and defects can be introduced during manufacturing. The automation of the manufacturing steps is vital for future Glare production, and specific defects have to be considered. Among them, gaps between pre-preg plies represent a potential risk for the mechanical performances of the laminate. In this paper/research, non-destructive testing based on ultrasonic inspections are performed on Glare with pre-preg gaps in order to extend and improve the current state of the art to different pre-preg gap widths, depths, and lay-ups. Firstly, gaps were introduced in Glare specimens. Then, a conventional C-scan ultrasonic inspection is performed. In order to overcome the current limitations of a top or planar view of the laminates, the evaluation of the depth of the gaps in the laminates is performed by means of phased array ultrasonic testing. Finally, images of the laminate cross-section have been collected in order to provide a meaningful evidence of the ultrasonic-based analysis. Results from different Glare and gap widths and depths show the accuracy of the proposed investigation which is able to provide a detailed assessment of the gap occurrences also for very thin laminates.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-34
Number of pages18
JournalNondestructive testing and evaluation
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • defects
  • gaps
  • Glare
  • NDT
  • phased array ultrasonic testing


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