Numerical analyses of energy balance and installation mechanisms of large-diameter tapered monopiles by impact driving

Fuquan Chen, Liyang Liu, Fengwen Lai*, Kenneth Gavin, Kevin N. Flynn, Yida Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Large-diameter monopiles are widely used as the foundation to support offshore wind turbines (OWTs) in shallow coastal waters. The benefits of small-to-medium diameter tapered piles have been reported in the past. The potential use of large-diameter tapered monopiles installed by impact driving to support OWTs is thus presented, and then comparatively assessed by numerical analyses in terms of energy balance and installation mechanisms. A three-dimensional large deformation finite element (3D-LDFE) model of monopiles driven in clay was developed using a Coupled Eulerian-Lagrangian (CEL) approach. An advanced user-defined hypoplasticity clay (HC) model was employed to model undrained kaolin clay, featuring nonlinear behavior from small strain to large strain. The force-time curve defined by the operating data of a state-of-the-art hammer in the offshore industry was inputted to explicitly model impact driving. Better agreement between the measured and the simulated results was observed to validate the accuracy of the numerical model. The numerical results obtained give greater confidence to the future use of large diameter tapered monopiles for OWTs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113017
Number of pages17
JournalOcean Engineering
Issue numberPart 4
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository 'You share, we take care!' - Taverne project

Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Drivability performance
  • Energy balance
  • Finite-element modeling
  • Impact driving
  • Installation mechanism
  • Offshore wind turbines
  • Piles & piling


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