This paper concerns non-isothermal flow in a thermoset resin-injection pultrusion process. Supported by temperature measurements from an industrial pultrusion line and a material characterisation study (curing kinetics, chemorheology, and permeability), the material flow was analysed for the manufacture of a thick glass-fibre profile saturated with a pultrusion-specific polyurethane resin. A central finding is that the heating configuration, together with the strongly convective flow near inlets resulted in phase transitions that were both concave and convex-shaped. This is different from existing literature that commonly describes curing being initiated from die-walls, resulting in the concave phase-transitions.
|Journal||Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|
- Arbitrary Lagrangian–Eulerian (ALE)
- Liquid composite moulding
- Non-isothermal flow
- Polyurethane resin
- Resin-injection pultrusion