On the performance of the helix wind farm control approach in the conventionally neutral atmospheric boundary layer

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Abstract

The performance of wind farms can substantially increase when their individual turbines deviate from their own greedy control strategy and instead also take into account downstream turbines operating in the wake. The helix approach is a recently introduced dynamic wind farm control strategy that tackles this issue by leveraging individual pitch control to accelerate wake recovery. Its effective implementation requires detailed knowledge about the scaling between control input and the resulting power gain and turbine loading across the farm. In the present work this scaling is explored by means of large-eddy simulation of a two-turbine farm in the conventionally neutral atmospheric boundary layer. A parameter sweep for the amplitude of the helix is performed showing monotonous increase of the farm's power output with increasing pitch amplitude within the considered range of zero to six degrees. The scaling of the power gain suggests that a threshold amplitude should be exceeded for effective speed-up of the wake recovery, whereas the damage equivalent loads computed for the turbines indicate an upper limit for the amplitude despite increasing power gains.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012006
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume2505
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event8th Wake Conference 2023 - Visby, Sweden
Duration: 20 Jun 202322 Jun 2023

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