Optimal Design of Multilayer Optical Color Filters for Building-Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) Applications

Juan Camilo Ortiz Lizcano*, Simona Villa, Yilong Zhou, Georgia Frantzi, Kyriakos Vattis, Andres Calcabrini, Guangtao Yang, Miro Zeman, Olindo Isabella

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Herein, the application of a comprehensive modeling framework that can help optimize the design of multilayered optical filters for coloring photovoltaic (PV) modules is presented based on crystalline silicon solar cells. To overcome technical issues related to the implementation of color filters (CFs) on PV modules, like glare and color instability, colorimetry metrics, such as the hue, chroma, luminance color space, and the quantitative concept of difference between two colors are extensively deployed. It is showcased in this work that designing colored modules with high hue and chroma stability is possible by using a front-side texturing with edged geometry, like V-shaped grooves and inverted pyramids, while obtaining colors with relatively high luminance values, indicating good brightness. Furthermore, it is argued that adapting the rear surface of the front glass with a random textured layout where the CF is applied can improve color and luminance stability without significant loss of chroma while eliminating glare. Finally, the models can be used to optimize the number of layers for a given CF, reducing unnecessary optical losses. Compared to a standard PV module, performance simulation of optimized, bright-colored PV modules predicts relative energy yield losses ranging from 7% to 25%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2300256
JournalSolar RRL
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • colors
  • design
  • integration
  • performance
  • photovoltaics


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