Parametric study of a switchable vortex generator for load alleviation in transonic conditions

Luca Marino*, I. Kiat, Adrian Eberle, J. Sodja

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

This paper investigates the impact of introducing a switchable vortex generator (SVG), acting as a mini-tab, on the aerodynamic performance of a high-aspect-ratio wing's outer section in transonic regime. A parametric study is conducted employing computational fluid dynamics 2D simulations, focusing on the aerodynamic effects of changing the chord-wise position and height of the vane of a SVG located on the airfoil upper surface in both nominal cruise conditions and for varying angles of attack. The analysis reveals that mini-tabs can strongly affect the aerodynamic forces produced by the wing section, showing great potential for load alleviation and control, but also emphasising the need for a careful parameter selection to reduce undesirable effects such as the generation of shock waves. In cruise conditions, lift reduction increases with the vane height and has its maximum for chord-wise positions at 60% of the chord-length. However, SVGs located in the first half of the chord-length yield more robust performance for varying angle of attack, without sharp lift variations or generated shock waves, and a delayed stall onset. High SVGs (≥3% chord-length) can also lead to strong shock waves on the airfoil lower surface at small or negative angle of attack, while small SVGs (
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the AIAA SCITECH 2024 Forum
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc. (AIAA)
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-62410-711-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024
EventAIAA SCITECH 2024 Forum - Orlando, United States
Duration: 8 Jan 202412 Jan 2024

Conference

ConferenceAIAA SCITECH 2024 Forum
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period8/01/2412/01/24

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