Perovskite Solar Cells: Stable under Space Conditions

Daniel Pérez-del-Rey, Chris Dreessen, Ana M. Igual-Muñoz, Lennart van den Hengel, María C. Gélvez-Rueda, Tom J. Savenije, Ferdinand C. Grozema, Claus Zimmermann, Henk J. Bolink*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Metal halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are of interest for high altitude and space applications due to their lightweight and versatile form factor. However, their resilience toward the particle spectrum encountered in space is still of concern. For space cells, the effect of these particles is condensed into an equivalent 1 MeV electron fluence. The effect of high doses of 1 MeV e-beam radiation up to an accumulated fluence to 1016 e cm−2 on methylammonium lead iodide perovskite thin films and solar cells is probed. By using substrate and encapsulation materials that are stable under the high energy e-beam radiation, its net effect on the perovskite film and solar cells can be studied. The quartz substrate-based PSCs are stable under the high doses of 1 MeV e-beam irradiation. Time-resolved microwave conductivity analysis on pristine and irradiated films indicates that there is a small reduction in the charge carrier diffusion length upon irradiation. Nevertheless, this diffusion length remains larger than the perovskite film thickness used in the solar cells, even for the highest accumulated fluence of 1016 e cm−2. This demonstrates that PSCs are promising candidates for space applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2000447
Number of pages6
JournalSolar RRL
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • 1 MeV irradiation
  • perovskite solar cells
  • space applications


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