Prediction and Optimization of Blocked Force Changes of a Suspension System Using Bush Stiffness Injection Method

Munhwan Cho, David P. Song, Myoungok Lee, Jongwon Lee, Steven Klaassen, Ron Reichart, Dennis De Klerk, Eunyeong Kim, Yeon June Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Automotive OEMs have introduced a new development paradigm, modular architecture development, to improve diversity quality and production efficiency. It needs solid fundamentals of system-based performance evaluation and development for each system level and single component level. When it comes to NVH development, it is challenging to realize the modular concept because noise and vibration should be transferred through various transfer path consisting of many parts and systems, which interact with each other. It is challenging for a single system of interest to be evaluated independently of the adjacent parts and environments. In this study, a new system-based development process for a vehicle suspension was investigated by applying blocked force theory and FRF-based dynamic substructuring. The objective is to determine the better dynamic stiffness distribution of many bushes installed in a suspension system in the frequency range corresponding to road noise. The suspension force rig test methodology isolated the entire suspension system from the interaction with body structures. The blocked force outputs are measured directly on the suspension force rig. Dynamic substructuring is conducted to derive the transfer characteristics from tire wheel centers to multiple force outputs. Bush stiffness injection (BSI) method is developed through the dynamic substructuring of the system, by which suspension system-level blocked force differences by changes in multiple bush stiffnesses can be predicted without any actual bush-changing works. The BSI method enables a sensitivity analysis for each change in bush dynamic stiffness and an optimization study to determine the best combination of multiple bush dynamic stiffnesses.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2022-01-0956
JournalSAE Technical Papers
Publication statusPublished - 2022
EventSAE 12th International Styrian Noise, Vibration and Harshness Congress: The European Automotive Noise Conference, SNVH 2022 - Graz, Austria
Duration: 22 Jun 202224 Jun 2022


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