Reducing Systematic Uncertainty in Computed Redox Potentials for Aqueous Transition-Metal-Substituted Polyoxotungstates

Jake A. Thompson, Rebeca González-Cabaleiro, Laia Vilà-Nadal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
28 Downloads (Pure)


Polyoxometalates have attracted significant interest owing to their structural diversity, redox stability, and functionality at the nanoscale. In this work, density functional theory calculations have been employed to systematically study the accuracy of various exchange-correlation functionals in reproducing experimental redox potentials, U0Red in [PW11M(H2O)O39]q- M = Mn(III/II), Fe(III/II), Co(III/II), and Ru(III/II). U0Red calculations for [PW11M(H2O)O39]q- were calculated using a conductor-like screening model to neutralize the charge in the cluster. We explicitly located K+ counterions which induced positive shifting of potentials by > 500 mV. This approximation improved the reproduction of redox potentials for Kx[XW11M(H2O)O39]q-x M = Mn(III/II)/Co(III/II). However, uncertainties in U0Red for Kx[PW11M(H2O)O39]q-x M = Fe(III/II)/Ru(III/II) were observed because of the over-stabilization of the ion-pairs. Hybrid functionals exceeding 25% Hartree-Fock exchange are not recommended because of large uncertainties in ΔU0Red attributed to exaggerated proximity of the ion-pairs. Our results emphasize that understanding the nature of the electrode and electrolyte environment is essential to obtain a reasonable agreement between theoretical and experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12260-12271
Number of pages12
JournalInorganic chemistry
Issue number31
Publication statusPublished - 2023


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