Secondary electron emission materials for transmission dynodes in novel photomultipliers: A review

Shu Xia Tao, Hong Chan, Harry van der Graaf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)
35 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Secondary electron emission materials are reviewed with the aim of providing guidelines for the future development of novel transmission dynodes. Materials with reflection secondary electron yield higher than three and transmission secondary electron yield higher than one are tabulated for easy reference. Generations of transmission dynodes are listed in the order of the invention time with a special focus on the most recent atomic-layer-deposition synthesized transmission dynodes. Based on the knowledge gained from the survey of secondary election emission materials with high secondary electron yield, an outlook of possible improvements upon the state-of-the-art transmission dynodes is provided.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1017
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalMaterials
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Atomic layer deposition
  • Photomultiplier
  • Photon detector
  • Secondary electron emission
  • Secondary electron yield
  • Transmission dynode

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