Shearography non-destructive testing of thick GFRP laminates: Numerical and experimental study on defect detection with thermal loading

Nan Tao*, Andrei G. Anisimov, Roger M. Groves

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Thick composite materials are commonly used as load-bearing structures in marine applications. Developing a suitable and sophisticated non-destructive testing (NDT) method for thick composites is an urgent challenge to improve the safety, reliability and maintenance of these structures. Digital shearography has become an important NDT technique for detecting defects in thin composite materials because of the advantages of high sensitivity to deformation change, and whole-field measurement. So far, the efficacy of shearography for thick composite inspection (e.g. thickness as more than 50 mm) has not been fully characterised. This paper combines finite element methods (FEM) and experimental tests to investigate the defect detection capabilities of shearography for inspecting thick glass fiber-reinforced polymer laminates. A thermal–mechanical model was established by computing equivalent thermal and mechanical properties and was evaluated by experimental shearography testing. In order to reliably simulate major defects in thick composite, flat bottom holes were manufactured in the specimen. Both simulations and experiments show that shearography is a promising technique to inspect thick composites. The thresholds for defect-induced phase change and the corresponding defect-induced deformation are determined for shearography testing of thick composites in this paper. Afterwards, the effect of mechanical boundary conditions on defect-induced deformation is studied by FEM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115008
JournalComposite Structures
Volume282
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Boundary conditions
  • Digital shearography
  • Equivalent properties
  • FEM
  • NDT
  • Thick composite

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