Single-Shot Fabrication of Semiconducting–Superconducting Nanowire Devices

Francesco Borsoi*, Grzegorz P. Mazur, Nick van Loo, Léo Bourdet, Kongyi Li, Alexandra Fursina, Ji Yin Wang, Vukan Levajac, Elvedin Memisevic, Kevin van Hoogdalem, Leo P. Kouwenhoven, Sebastian Heedt, Marina Quintero-Pérez, More Authors

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Semiconducting–superconducting hybrids are vital components for the realization of high-performance nanoscale devices. In particular, semiconducting–superconducting nanowires attract widespread interest owing to the possible presence of non-abelian Majorana zero modes, which are quasiparticles that hold promise for topological quantum computing. However, systematic search for Majoranas signatures is challenging because it requires reproducible hybrid devices and reliable fabrication methods. This work introduces a fabrication concept based on shadow walls that enables the in situ, selective, and consecutive depositions of superconductors and normal metals to form normal-superconducting junctions. Crucially, this method allows to realize devices in a single shot, eliminating fabrication steps after the synthesis of the fragile semiconductor/superconductor interface. At the atomic level, all investigated devices reveal a sharp and defect-free semiconducting–superconducting interface and, correspondingly, a hard induced superconducting gap resilient up to 2 T is measured electrically. While the cleanliness of the technique enables systematic studies of topological superconductivity in nanowires, it also allows for the synthesis of advanced nano-devices based on a wide range of material combinations and geometries while maintaining an exceptionally high interface quality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2102388
Number of pages8
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number34
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • hybrid devices
  • interfaces
  • Josephson junctions
  • semiconducting nanowires
  • superconductivity


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