Speed of Sound Measurements in Dense Siloxane D6 Vapor at Temperatures up to 645 K by Means of a New Prismatic Acoustic Resonator

Bertrand Mercier, Nitish B. Chandrasekaran, Piero Colonna*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Estimating the speed of sound for the dense vapor phase of D6 (dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane, C12H36O6Si6) is particularly relevant to the study of nonideal compressible fluid dynamics (NICFD), the gas dynamics of fluids whose properties depart significantly from those related by the ideal gas model. If molecular complexity is sufficiently large, dense vapor flows may exhibit so-called nonclassical gasdynamic effects, and D6 is a candidate for experimental studies aimed at proving for the first time the existence of these exotic phenomena. More in general, speed of sound measurements in the dense vapor phase are important for NICFD applications: for example, complex organic compounds are employed as working fluids in organic Rankine cycle power plants and the correct prediction of the dense-vapor speed of sound is of paramount importance for the design of the supersonic turbines equipping these systems. This type of measurements is challenging and thus rare, especially in the case of complex organic molecules, given the high temperature at which they must be performed, close to the temperature at which the molecule thermally decomposes. Therefore, a new prismatic resonator (the OVAR, organic vapor acoustic resonator) has been conceived, designed, and realized. It is suitable for speed of sound measurements in the vapor phase of organic compounds at temperatures up to approximately 670 K and pressures up to about 1.5 MPa. The speed of sound of D6 (97.4% pure) has been measured along eight isotherms between 555 and 645 K and from nearly saturated density to densities close to ideal gas conditions (compressibility factor Z ≈ 0.95). The estimated relative uncertainty of these sound speed measurements is 0.14%. In addition, corresponding density values have been obtained with an estimated uncertainty between 0.2 kg·m-3 and 1.2 kg·m-3

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-573
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Chemical and Engineering Data
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2023


This research has been supported by the Applied and Engineering Sciences Division (TTW) of the Dutch Organization for Scientific Research (NWO), Technology Program of the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Grant No. 15837.

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