The Impact of the Ring Roads on the Location Pattern of Shops in Town and City Centres: A Space Syntax Approach

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    Abstract

    This contribution demonstrates how inner ring roads change the location pattern of shops in urban areas with the application of the space syntax method. A market rational behaviour persists, in that shop owners always search for an optimal location to reach as many customers as possible. If the accessibility to this optimal location is affected by changes in a city’s road and street structure, it will affect the location pattern of shops. Initially, case studies of inner ring road projects in Birmingham, Coventry, Wolverhampton, Bristol, Tampere, and Mannheim show how their realisation affect the spatial structure of the street network of these cities and the location pattern of shops. The results of the spatial integration analyses of the street and road network are discussed with reference to changes in land-use before and after the implementation of ring roads, and current space syntax theories. As the results show, how an inner ring road is connected to and the type of the street network it is imposed upon dictates the resulting location pattern of shops. Shops locate and relocate themselves along the most spatially-integrated streets. Evidence on how new road projects influence the location pattern of shops in urban centres are useful for planning sustainable city centres
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number3927
    Number of pages21
    JournalSustainability
    Volume13
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2021

    Keywords

    • Centrality
    • Movement routes
    • Ring roads
    • Road building
    • Shopping areas
    • Space syntax
    • Urban change

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