The influence of the interaction characteristics on the movement dynamics of pedestrians

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Abstract

One of the fundamental properties of pedestrian simulation models is their capability to predict the future movement dynamics of pedestrians depending on the current state of the pedestrian traffic flow, more specically the walking behaviour of neighbouring pedestrians. This paper investigates the influence of the interaction characteristics on the strength of the reaction of pedestrians walking within a crowd, where the reaction consists of the absolute change in walking direction and speed. This paper studies the influence of the distance headway, time headway, angle of sight, angle of interaction, absolute speed and the number of pedestrians located nearby has been studied. Based on these ndings two main conclusions can be drawn, being 1) the operational adaptations of the walking behaviour of pedestrians is influenced by more characteristics of the situation than just the distance headway with respect to the pedestrian walking directly in front of a pedestrian, 2) pedestrians are more likely to change their direction rather than their walking speed when other pedestrians are located within close proximity.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 8th International Conference on Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics (PED2016)
PublisherUniversity of Science and Technology of China Press
Pages326-333
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)978-7-312-04077-1
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016
Event8th International Conference on Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics - Hefei, China
Duration: 17 Oct 201621 Oct 2016
Conference number: 8
http://ped2016.ustc.edu.cn/

Conference

Conference8th International Conference on Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics
Abbreviated titlePED 2016
CountryChina
CityHefei
Period17/10/1621/10/16
Internet address

Keywords

  • pedestrian movement dynamics
  • interaction behaviour
  • empirical trajectory data sets
  • time headway
  • distance headway

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