Thermal Stability of F-Rich Phlogopite and K-Richterite During Partial Melting of Metasomatized Mantle Peridotite With Implications for Deep Earth Volatile Cycles

E. S. Steenstra*, M. Klaver, J. Berndt, S. Flemetakis, A. Rohrbach, S. Klemme

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Phlogopite and K-richterite constitute important carrier phases for H and F in Earth's lithosphere and mantle. The relative importance depends on their stabilities at high pressure and temperature, which in turn depends on bulk composition. Most previous experimental studies focused on the thermal stability of phlogopite and K-richterite were conducted using simplified chemical compositions. Here, partial melting experiments on metasomatized and carbonated, OH ± F-bearing near-natural peridotite were performed at high pressures (2 and 5 GPa) and temperatures (1,100–1,350°C) to assess the thermal stability of F-free versus F-bearing phlogopite and K-richterite. Experimental results demonstrate that the thermal stability of F-bearing phlogopite is increased by >55°C/wt.% F, relative to F-free phlogopite, whereas K-richterite is absent in all experiments with significant degrees of melting (>2%). The thermal stability of phlogopite containing several wt.% F exceeds continental and oceanic geotherms within the upper 150 km. Fluorine-rich phlogopite would therefore be stable in virtually all of the continental lithosphere, only to be decomposed during large, regional melting events such as continental break-up, thereby acting as a major long-term sink for F and/or H. This could even be the case for the oceanic asthenosphere, depending on the oceanic geotherm of the area of interest.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2023JB028202
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Volume129
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • fluorine
  • hydrogen
  • metasomatism
  • partial melting
  • peridotite
  • volatiles

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