Towards building a semantic formalization of (small) historical centres

M. Kokla, M. A. Mostafavi, F. Noardo, A. Spanò

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
75 Downloads (Pure)


Historical small urban centres are of increasing interest to different interacting fields such as architectural heritage protection and conservation, urban planning, disaster response, sustainable development and tourism. They are defined at different levels (international, national, regional), by various organizations and standards, incorporate numerous aspects (natural and built environment, infrastructures and open spaces, social, economic, and cultural processes, tangible and intangible heritage) and face various challenges (urbanization, globalization, mass tourism, climate change, etc.). However, their current specification within large-scale geospatial databases is similar to those of urban areas in a broad sense resulting in the loss of many aspects forming this multifaceted concept. The present study considers the available ontologies and data models, coming from various domains and having different granularities and levels of detail, to represent historical small urban centres information. The aim is to define the needs for extension and integration of them in order to develop a multidisciplinary, integrated semantic representation. Relevant conventions and other legislation documents, ontologies and standards for cultural heritage (CIDOC-CRM, CRMgeo, Getty Vocabularies), 3D city models (CityGML), building information models (IFC) and regional landscape plans are analysed to identify concepts, relations, and semantic features that could form a holistic semantic model of historical small urban centres.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)675-683
Number of pages9
JournalISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Issue number2/W11
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventGEORES 2019: 2nd International Conference of Geomatics and Restoration - Milan, Italy
Duration: 8 May 201910 May 2019


  • Ontology
  • Semantic features
  • Small Historical urban centres
  • Spatial objects
  • Spatial reasoning
  • Urban mapping

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