Transforming Ates To Ht-Ates, Insights From Dutch Pilot Project

Martin Bloemendal, Stijn Beernink, Niels Hartog, Bart van Meurs

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES) systems combined with a heat pump save energy for space heating and cooling of buildings. In most countries the temperature of the stored heat is allowed up to 25-30°C. However, when heat is available at higher temperatures (e.g. waste heat, solar heat), it is more efficient to store higher temperatures because that improves heat pump performance or makes it unnecessary. Therefore, interest in HT-ATES development is growing. Next to developing new HT-ATES projects, there is also a large potential for additional energy savings by transforming ‘regular’ low-temperature LT-ATES systems to a HT-ATES. Such a transformation is tested for a greenhouse system in the Netherlands. This greenhouse has a LT-ATES system operational since 2012, and from 2015 onwards heat is stored in the warm well at temperatures up to 45°C. In this HT-ATES transformation pilot, water quality parameters are closely monitored as well as temperature distribution in the subsurface (using DTS). Together with the operators, the results from the ATES monitoring are used to continuously improve system performance. Numerical groundwater and heat flow simulations of actual and expected well pumping data are used to evaluate how well operation can be optimized. In this paper, the optimization using monitoring results and simulations is discussed as well as general and site specific lessons/conclusions for such transformations.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the European Geothermal Congress 2019
Subtitle of host publicationDen Haag, The Netherlands, 11-14 June 2019
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventEuropean Geothermal Congress 2019 - World Forum, The Hague, Netherlands
Duration: 11 Jun 201914 Jun 2019


ConferenceEuropean Geothermal Congress 2019
Abbreviated titleEGC
CityThe Hague
Internet address


  • ATES
  • High temperature ATES

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