Transit-Oriented Development in China: A Comparative Content Analysis of the Spatial Plans of High-Speed Railway Station Areas

B. Wang*, Martin de Jong, Ellen van Bueren, A. Ersoy, Yanchun Meng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

With rapid high-speed railway (HSR) developments in China, HSR-based transit-oriented development (TOD) has proliferated across the country. Although local governments claim that HSR station areas are planned according to TOD principles, some scholars argue that these station areas actually contribute to unsustainable development. This study investigates two main questions: (1) what success factors should be included in a TOD plan for HSR station areas? (2) to what extent are these factors considered in the plans of Chinese HSR station areas? To answer these questions, we use content analysis to compare spatial plans for 15 HSR station areas across China, triangulating the findings via in-depth interviews and field investigations. This study reveals that most of the factors in the plans for HSR station areas deviate from TOD principles, especially in small- and medium-sized cities. We find that Chinese local governments mainly use TODs as a tool to promote suburban expansion around HSR stations.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1818
Number of pages21
JournalLand
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • TOD
  • high-speed railway
  • station area
  • spatial plan
  • content analysis

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