Transition to turbulence behind a traveling plate

Jesse Reijtenbagh, Jerry Westerweel, Willem Van De Water*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

In our experiment a vortical flow behind a traveling plate turns into turbulence. By exactly repeating this experiment 42 times with a robot, we study the statistics of this transition. In each realization the fate of the flow is followed over 1.7 s when the plate travels with a constant velocity. It suddenly turns turbulent at a scaled traveled distance of x∗≈5.5. We register the vorticity in a plane that divides the plate perpendicularly. We introduce an original Lagrangian measure of variability between the experiment realizations. The finite-time Lyapunov exponent field of a single experiment predicts this variability; thus we confirm ergodicity. Apart from pointwise measures, yielding a distribution over the field of view, we study the statistics of the circulation computed over the upper and lower half of the domain. The almost perfect symmetry both of the mean and of the fluctuations points to their origin as the fluctuating vortex ring trailing behind the plate. During the initial phase long-time correlations exist in the flow, but they cease once the flow turns turbulent. By ordering our repeated experiments we find that extreme circulations are preceded by circulations that are larger than the median.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104601
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Review Fluids
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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