Tribological and anticorrosion behaviour of novel xanthate-containing triazine derivatives in water-glycol

Yinglei Wu, Zhongyi He, Xiangqiong Zeng*, Tianhui Ren, Erik de Vries, Emile van der Heide

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Three novel xanthate-containing water-soluble triazine derivatives, 2,4-Di-(N,N-diethanolamine)-6-(ethyl xanthate ester-yl)-1,3,5-triazine (EXT), 2,4-Di-(N,N-diethanolamine)-6-(butyl xanthate ester-yl)-1,3,5-triazine (BXT) and 2,4-Di-(N, N-diethanolamine)-6-(hexyl xanthate ester-yl)-1,3,5-triazine (HXT), were synthesized and used as additives in water-glycol base fluid. It was found that the additive-containing samples had no corrosive effect on the cast iron and copper surface within 2.5 wt% additive. The tribological test results using a four-ball tribometer showed that the three additives greatly improved the PB value, friction-reducing and antiwear performances of water-glycol. XPS results indicated that the additives had reacted with the contact metal surfaces and formed complex tribofilms composed of iron oxide, iron sulfide and iron sulfate, which may contribute to the reduction of friction coefficient and wear rate of the friction system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-124
Number of pages12
JournalTribology International
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017


  • Friction mechanism
  • Tribological performance
  • Water-soluble additive
  • Xanthate-triazine derivative


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