A data driven methodology for upscaling remaining useful life predictions: From single- to multi-stiffened composite panels

Georgios Galanopoulos, Efthimios Fytsilis, Nan Yue, Agnes Broer, Dimitrios Milanoski, Dimitrios Zarouchas, Theodoros Loutas*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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In this paper we execute a complex test campaign to develop a novel methodology for the Remaining Useful Life (RUL) estimation of complex multi-stiffened composite aeronautical panels utilizing Machine Learning models trained with Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) data from hierarchically simpler elements, i.e., single-stiffened panels. Distributed Fiber Optical sensors (DFOS) are employed to monitor the panels’ behavior undergoing variable amplitude compression-compression fatigue after multiple impacts. A data processing methodology is first applied to the DFOS data, to both alleviate the effect of the variable loading conditions on the monitored strain and ease the computational burden. In this upscaling endeavor, an advanced strain-based Health Indicator (HI) based on Genetic algorithms, created and validated on the single-stiffened panel data, is utilized as the prognostic feature for the RUL estimations of the multi-stiffened panels. The HI displays favorable characteristics in terms of monotonicity and prognosability which are highly desirable for more accurate RUL estimations. For the prognostic task, standard machine learning models are trained using the historical degradation data of the single-stiffened panels and a similarity analysis is performed to enhance the accuracy when predicting the RUL of the multi-stiffened panels. Despite the increased structural complexity of the multi-stiffened panels, we demonstrate that the RUL is able to be predicted with reasonable accuracy. The present work paves the road for upscaling and applying prognostic methodologies to more complex structures beyond simple coupons or generic elements.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100366
JournalComposites Part C: Open Access
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Composite structures
  • Compression fatigue
  • Fiber optical sensors
  • Health Indicators
  • Remaining useful life prediction
  • Stiffened panels
  • Structural health monitoring

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