A mix design methodology of slag and fly ash-based alkali-activated paste

Beibei Sun, Yubo Sun, Guang Ye*, Geert De Schutter*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, a series of experiments were conducted to systematically and quantitively explore the effects of control factors on the early age properties, i.e., workability and strength of slag and fly ash-based alkali-activated paste (BFS/FA-AAP). The control factors on the workability (flowability and setting time) of BFS/FA-AAP include the Na2O/b ratio, the SiO2/Na2O ratio, the w/b ratio, and the BFS/b ratio. The control factors on strength (compressive strength and flexural strength) of BFS/FA-AAP further also include the curing condition and the curing age. The results show that a higher BFS/b ratio and Na2O/b ratio could increase the strength while decreasing the workability. A higher w/b ratio could increase the workability while slightly decreasing the strength. Higher SiO2/Na2O ratio increases both strength and workability. Despite that, higher Na2O/b ratio and SiO2/Na2O ratio could hinder the strength development. Sealed curing condition is proved to be a simple but efficient way to assure the steady strength development of BFS/FA-AAP. Although the strength of BFS/FA-AAP could generally stabilize after 90 days, the strength development rate varies with different mix proportions. In addition, a general methodology have been proposed to predict the compressive strength of BFS/FA-AAP and verified with experiments. Finally, a mix design table is proposed for the preliminary design of BFS/FA-AAP according to the principle of satisfying early age requirements.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104368
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Accepted author manuscript


  • Control factors
  • Flowability
  • Mix design
  • Setting time
  • Slag and fly ash-based alkali-activated materials
  • Strength


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