A novel GA-LSTM-based prediction method of ship energy usage based on the characteristics analysis of operational data

Kai Wang*, Yu Hua, Lianzhong Huang, Xin Guo, Xing Liu, Zhongmin Ma, Ranqi Ma, Xiaoli Jiang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
23 Downloads (Pure)


Optimization of ship energy efficiency is an efficient measure to decrease fuel usage and emissions in the shipping industry. The accurate prediction model of ship energy usage is the basis to achieve optimization of ship energy efficiency. This study investigates the sequential properties of the actual voyage data from a VLOC. On this basis, a model for predicting ship energy consumption is established by adopting a LSTM neural network that has better prediction performance for sequential datasets. To further enhance the performance of the established LSTM-based model, the network structures and hyperparameters are optimized by using Genetic Algorithm. Lastly, the application analysis is conducted to validate the established GA-LSTM-based model for ship fuel usage prediction. The established model for ship energy usage shows a significant improvement in prediction accuracy, compared to the original LSTM-based model. Meanwhile, the developed prediction model is more accurate than the existing BP, SVR, and ARIMA-based energy consumption models. The prediction errors for the ship's operational energy efficiency adopting the established GA-LSTM-based model can reach as low as 0.29%. Therefore, the established model can effectively predict the ship fuel usage under different conditions, which is essential for the optimization and improvement of ship energy efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Article number128910
Number of pages19
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository 'You share, we take care!' - Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Energy consumption prediction
  • Genetic algorithm
  • LSTM neural network
  • Ship energy efficiency
  • Shipping decarbonization


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