Apples, oranges and hosting providers: Heterogeneity and security in the hosting market

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hosting services are associated with various security threats, yet the market has barely been studied empirically. Most security research has relied on routing data and equates providers with Autonomous Systems, ignoring the complexity and heterogeneity of the market. To overcome these limitations, we combined passive DNS data with WHOIS data to identify providers and some of their properties. We found 45,434 hosting providers, spread around a median address space size of 1,517 IP addresses. There is surprisingly little consolidation in the market, even though its services seem amenable to economies of scale. We applied cluster analysis on several measurable characteristics of providers. This uncovered a diverse set of business profiles and an indication of what fraction of the market fits each profile. The profiles are associated with significant differences in security performance, as measured by the uptime of phishing sites. This suggests the approach provides an effective way for security researchers to take the heterogeneity of the market into account.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the NOMS 2016 - 2016 IEEE/IFIP Network Operations and Management Symposium
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Pages289-297
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781509002238
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2016
Event2016 IEEE/IFIP Network Operations and Management Symposium, NOMS 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey
Duration: 25 Apr 201629 Apr 2016

Conference

Conference2016 IEEE/IFIP Network Operations and Management Symposium, NOMS 2016
CountryTurkey
CityIstanbul
Period25/04/1629/04/16

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    Tajalizadehkhoob, S., Korczyński, M., Noroozian, A., Gañán, C., & Van Eeten, M. (2016). Apples, oranges and hosting providers: Heterogeneity and security in the hosting market. In Proceedings of the NOMS 2016 - 2016 IEEE/IFIP Network Operations and Management Symposium (pp. 289-297). [7502824] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). https://doi.org/10.1109/NOMS.2016.7502824