City digital twins for urban resilience

Adele Therias, Azarakhsh Rafiee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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With increased urbanization and the impacts of climate change, cities around the world are making resilience-building a priority. Simultaneously, advances in technology have enabled the creation of City Digital Twins (CDTs). Informed by a literature review and interviews with resilience and Digital Twin experts, this paper explores how CDTs might support the development of more resilient urban communities. First, the various definitions of urban resilience, smart cities and CDTs are described. Second, the paper explores how characteristics of CDTs make them uniquely equipped to facilitate (1) a better understanding of complex phenomena, (2) the imagination of possible futures and (3) collaboration between stakeholders. Finally, the technical requirements and challenges of CDT implementation are discussed, including (1) identifying priority hazards and users, (2) collecting and managing data, (3) integrating different models and (4) ensuring usability. The paper concludes by emphasizing the important role of stakeholders in shaping CDTs that can be successfully integrated by the communities they serve.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4164-4190
Number of pages27
JournalInternational Journal of Digital Earth
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • City digital twin
  • collaborative
  • hazard
  • resilience


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