Coherent Fourier scatterometry (CFS) has been introduced to fulfil the need for noninvasive and sensitive inspection of subwavelength nanoparticles in the far field. The technique is based on detecting the scattering of coherent light when it is focused on isolated nanoparticles. In the present work, we describe the results of an experimental study aimed at establishing the actual detection limits of the technique, namely the smallest particle that could be detected with our system. The assessment for particles with a diameter smaller than 40 nm is carried out using calibrated nano-pillars of photoresist on silicon wafers that have been fabricated with e-beam lithography. We demonstrate the detection of polystyrene equivalent nanoparticles of diameter of 21 nm with a signal-to-noise ratio of 4 dB using the illuminating wavelength of 405 nm.