Durability of European Asphalt Mixtures Containing Reclaimed Asphalt and Warm-Mix Additives

Katerina Varveri, Stavros Avgerinopoulos, Tom Scarpas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientific

93 Downloads (Pure)


This paper investigates the moisture susceptibility of European asphalt mixtures (SMA) containing reclaimed asphalt (RA) and warm mix (WMA) additives. Test sections of a typical SMA mixture have been laid, from which cylindrical samples were cored and utilized for laboratory testing. Four variants of the SMA mixture were prepared; a control HMA mixture with 0% RA, a mixture with 30% RA and no WMA additive, a mixture with 30% RA in which a WMA additive was added and a mixture with 40% RA and a WMA additive. The coring procedure and testing were carried out in two phases; first field cores were taken 24 hrs after the construction of the test section was completed and then once again 12 months later. In this way, the influence of field aging on the mechanical performance of the mixtures was considered. The samples were moisture conditioned at various combinations of water bath immersion and cyclic pore pressures by means of the Moisture Induced Sensitivity Tester (MiST). The degradation in strength due to moisture was quantified through indirect tensile strength tests. The results indicated that the use of RA in combination with WMA additives resulted to mixtures with improved durability characteristics, with respect to moisture damage, compared to the control HMA mixture. Based on the results, recommendations were made for characterizing and limiting moisture damage of asphalt pavements.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTransportation Research Board 95th annual meeting
Subtitle of host publicationWashington DC, United States
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jan 2016
EventTransportation Research Board 95th annual meeting - Washington, United States
Duration: 10 Jan 201614 Jan 2016
Conference number: 95


ConferenceTransportation Research Board 95th annual meeting
Abbreviated titleTRB 95
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note



  • Durability
  • Moisture damage
  • Ageing
  • Reclaimed asphalt
  • Warm mix additive


Dive into the research topics of 'Durability of European Asphalt Mixtures Containing Reclaimed Asphalt and Warm-Mix Additives'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this