Experimental and Numerical Assessment of Historical Steel-Concrete Composite Bridge Decks Without Mechanical Connectors

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Abstract

In old Dutch inner cities like Amsterdam a large number of steel-concrete bridge decks built between 1880 and 1960 remain in service nowadays and currently need assessment of their bearing capacity. A significant number of these decks were designed without any mechanical connectors like shear studs in the interface between concrete and steel. Moreover, the concrete decks were designed with only shrinkage reinforcement in both directions on the top layer of concrete. No additional transverse reinforcement was placed that can ensure proper (re)distribution of loads after cracking. In order to study the bearing capacity of this deck typology, two specimens of an existing bridge were taken to the Stevin Lab of TU Delft and tested until failure. In this work, the experimental results of both tests are presented. Then, finite element models including nonlinear behaviour of the materials and the interface are presented and compared with the experimental observations. Experimental results show that the bearing capacity is achieved after yielding of the steel beams. Nevertheless, the ductility and transverse load distribution of the elements is affected by the interface behaviour and the poor detailing. The finite element simulation strategy used shows good agreement with the experiment and can be used for future assessments.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBuilding for the Future: Durable, Sustainable, Resilient
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the Symposium 2023 - Volume 1
EditorsAlper Ilki, Derya Çavunt, Yavuz Selim Çavunt
PublisherSpringer
Pages1684–1694
Number of pages11
Volume349
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-031-32519-9
ISBN (Print)978-3-031-32518-2, 978-3-031-32521-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023
EventInternational Symposium of the International Federation for Structural Concrete, fib Symposium 2023 - Istanbul, Turkey
Duration: 5 Jun 20237 Jun 2023

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Civil Engineering
Volume349 LNCE
ISSN (Print)2366-2557
ISSN (Electronic)2366-2565

Conference

ConferenceInternational Symposium of the International Federation for Structural Concrete, fib Symposium 2023
Country/TerritoryTurkey
CityIstanbul
Period5/06/237/06/23

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.

Keywords

  • Experimental testing
  • Historical bridge
  • Interface behaviour
  • NL-FEM
  • Steel-concrete-composite

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