Experimental evaluation of interface adhesion of a flax fiber composite patch with epoxy and polyurethane adhesives for the reinforcement of steel structures

Mohamed Amine Tazi, Rosemere de Araujo Alves Lima, Enio Henrique Pires da Silva, Mouad Jebli, Sofia Teixeira De Freitas, Pascal Casari, Silvio de Barros

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Abstract

Using fiber-reinforced composite patches for repairing damaged structures made of metal or/and concrete is an interesting and widely available solution on the market using synthetic materials. These repairing patches are bonded on the structures’ surfaces to increase their strength against internal stresses, as well as protect them from external physico-chemical attacks, thereby limiting crack propagation. Natural fibers offer a potential alternative to replacing glass or carbon fibers commonly used for bonded repair patches. Similarly, bio-based polymers represent an important sustainable alternative for partially or entirely replacing the petroleum-based polymers. In this study, an epoxy matrix reinforced with flax fiber is proposed as the material for the patches, and bonded to a steel plate using four different types of adhesive materials, including a castor-oil derived polyurethane resin. Floating roller peel tests were performed to assess the adhesion and viability of these new patches. The resulting peeling loads and fracture surface analysis are presented. Polyurethane demonstrates promising performance for epoxy-to-steel joints, but major improvements of the bio-based polyurethane application process and curing conditions may be necessary for its successful industrial implementation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103559
JournalInternational Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives
Volume129
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2023

Keywords

  • Peel tests
  • Adhesion
  • Biobased adhesives
  • Flax fibers
  • Bi-material joints

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